The U.S. Weather Service warns that El Niño will likely arrive during the summer of 2019. This will affect coastal dwellers and agriculture workers the most, but the weather patterns resulting from El Niño can very easily have an affect on the weather of the entire country.
El Niño refers to a specific weather pattern that occurs when sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean rise to above-normal levels for an extended period of time. This can cause a whole host of other weather-related issues, like persistent rainfall, numerous storms and more.
The last recorded El Niño weather event took place from 2015 to 2016 and caused myriad of crop damage, flash floods and fire damage. Another El Niño occurring this year will bring with it more destructive weather-related events.
The National Weather Service’s Climate Prediction Center (CPC) recently released a report that put the chances for El Niño conditions continuing through the summer at 80 percent. That’s 20 percent higher than their last month report predicted.
According to the Insurance Journal, the likelihood of El Niño conditions continuing because “…above-average sea surface temperatures increased across the equatorial Pacific Ocean and the associated atmospheric anomalies became increasingly well-defined.”
While the weather affects everyone, it is particularly important the agricultural and food security sectors. Any major changes in weather patterns, like those that come with El Niño, can drastically affect crop yields and profitability predictions for that entire industry.